This cultivated drupe is found in the United States, Europe and the Middle East. A relative of the peach and apricot it’s scientific name is Prunus amygdalus. Although it is widely referred to as a nut, it is actually a drupe, and is also classified as both as a culinary nut and a tree nut. It is a native of the Mediterranean climate region of the Middle East. It was one of the earliest domesticated of the tree nuts, the wild form still grows in parts of the Eastern Mediterranean. Almonds exist in both wild and domestic forms, with the wild form being toxic. The selecting of the sweet forms of almonds from the many bitter forms was the beginning of its domestication, although exactly how this happened is unclear.
- A source of Vitamin E, Magnesium and Potassium
- High in dietary fibre
- High In protein
- High in energy
- Gluten free
- Almond oil is a massage oil and is also used in aromatherapy
- Reduces blood cholesterol level of Low-Density Lipids (LDL)
- Elevates the blood levels of High-Density Lipids (HDL), the good cholesterol
- Preliminary research is showing evidence that vitamin E may protect against prostate and colorectal cancer.
- 100g of Almonds contain 120% of your vitamin E RDA.
- Research has also shown that one fat component has shown a protection against colon cancer in rats (2).
- There has been research that shows that eating almonds may help you to lose weight (3)
- Research has shown that Almonds reduce the risk of diabetes.
- Preliminary research has shown including them in the daily diet might lower your risk for heart disease (5)
- Research has shown that eating 1oz of nuts each day can decrease the risk of gallstone development(6)
- The United State Department of Agriculture defines a serving of almonds as 95g (1 cup) and contains 546 calories.
- Bitter almonds or wild almonds are highly toxic. Only the distillation forms of oil and liqueurs should be ingested.
- Almonds contain a measurable amount of oxalates. When concentrations are high, they can crystallize, causing health problems such as kidney stones. People who already have kidney issues should avoid eating large amounts of almonds.
- Almonds help build strong bones and teeth.
- Almonds are the only nut and one of the few proteins that are alkaline forming
- Decreased risk of prostate and colorectal cancer: “Nutrition to Reduce Cancer Risk”. The Stanford Cancer Institute. Retrieved 28 June, 2013
- Davis PA, Iwahashi CK (April 2001). “Whole Almonds and almond fractions reduce aberrant crypt foci in a rat mode of colon carcinogenesis: Cancer Lett. 165 (1): 27-33. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3835(01)11025-6. PMID 11248415. Retrieved 17 July 2008
- Bes-Rastrollo M, Sabate J, Gomez-Garcia E. Alonso A, Martinez JA, Martinez-Gonzalex MA. Nut consumption and weight gain in a Mediterranean cohort: The SUN study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007 Jan; 15(1):107-16. 2007. PMID:17228038.
- Jenkins DJ, Kendall CW, Josse AR, Salvatore S, Brighenti F, Augustin LS, Ellis PR, Vidgen E, Rao AV. Almonds decrease postprandial gylcemia, insulinemia, and oxidative damage in healthy individuals. J Nutr. 2006 Dec;136(12):2987-92. 2006 PMID 17116708
- Hu FB, Stampfer MJ. Nut consumption and risk of coronary heart disease: a review of epidemiologic evidence. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 1999 Nov; 1(3):204-9. 1999.
- Tsai CJ, Leitzmann MF, Hu FB, Willett WC, Giovannucci EL. Frequent nut consumption and decreased risk of cholecystectomy in women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Jul;80(1):76-81. 2004 PMID:15213031.
- “Almond allergy on Food info”. Food-info.net. 2001-07-26. Retrieved 2012-03-17